Training on Disease Prevention, Detection, Response and Recovery for Protected Area Managers in Vietnam

Save Vietnam's Wildlife
Publicado: 14 Noviembre 2022
Última edición: 14 Noviembre 2022
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Summary

In September 2022 a training was held in Vietnam’s Cúc Phương National Park on the recently developed IUCN guidance on Prevention, Detection, Response and Recovery from Disease Risks in Protected and Conserved Areas and accompanying One Health Principles for Sustainable Tourism. The training was designed for professionals, wildlife handlers and park rangers to introduce the One Health concept, IUCN guidance, sampling, human safety, risk assessment, biosafety, personal protective equipment (PPE), and biohazard waste disposal. Forty participants from Cát Tiên, Pù Mát and Cúc Phương National Parks took part in the two-day training. The field experience and expertise of the training team and adaptation to the relevant context ensured practical application of the guidance. Sessions such as the ‘Glo Germ’ test, demonstrating the importance of proper PPE donning and doffing and handwashing procedures, helped make the training interactive and reinforce key concepts.

Classifications

Region
Sudeste Asiático
Scale of implementation
Nacional
Subnacional
Ecosystem
Bosques tropicales de hoja perenne
Ecosistemas forestales
Theme
Ciencia y investigación
Especies y la extinción
Gestión de residuos
Gestión de tierras
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Gobernanza de las áreas protegidas y conservadas
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
One Health
Salud y bienestar humano
Species Conservation and One Health Interventions
Vigilancia de la salud de la vida silvestre (para capturar la vigilancia de la biodiversidad, la salud, las enfermedades y los patógenos)
Vacunas
Especies Enfermedades Sistemas de alerta temprana
Traslados de conservación de especies
Planificación de la conservación de especies
Comunicación de riesgos, participación de la comunidad y cambio de comportamiento
Evaluación de riesgos
Investigación de brotes y acceso al laboratorio
Mecanismo de coordinación de One Health
One Health
Sanidad animal
El vínculo entre biodiversidad y salud
Buena gobernanza territorial
Aspectos sanitarios ligados a factores socioeconómicos, tales como: La pobreza, la educación, las estructuras de seguridad social, la digitalización, los sistemas de financiación y el desarrollo de la capacidad humana
Enfermedades tropicales desatendidas, enfermedades infecciosas emergentes, enfermedades no transmisibles, zoonosis y resistencia a los antimicrobianos
Comercio de fauna y flora silvestre y conflictos entre el hombre y la fauna
Challenges
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Cacería furtiva
Contaminación (incluida la eutrofización y la basura)
Health
Sustainable development goals
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Aichi targets
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 17: Estrategias y planes de acción para la biodiversidad
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento

Ubicación

Cúc Phương, Huyện Nho Quan, Ninh Bình, Vietnam

Impacts

Prior to the training, most participants were unfamiliar with the concept of One Health and were unaware of the zoonotic diseases carried by bats, rodents, non-human primates, and small mammals. After the presentations, they identified risks that are present in their daily work routine. Recognizing that some biosafety measures had already been implemented in their rescue centres and national parks (e.g. setting up quarantine areas, PPE stations prior to entering the animal cages, and safe distance while observing wildlife in the centre), participants saw the need to revisit existing protocols to ensure they meet the standard biosafety requirements. In addition, risk assessment scenarios allowed participants to build their practical experience in conducting risk assessments for activities at their rescue centre or national park. A pre- and post-training exam was administered to measure participants’ understanding of the theories and techniques taught over the two days, finding a marked improvement while also identifying key opportunities for further training and implementation. Members of the rescue centre and national park management staff who attended the training expressed an interest in following the IUCN guidelines in the future.

Contribuido por

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Jimmy Lee Conservation Medicine

Other contributors

Tom Hughes, Lee Mei Ho, Fernandes Opook, and Velsri Sharminie
Conservation Medicine
Cadhla Firth and Catherine Machalaba
EcoHealth Alliance
Thong Pham and Thai Nguyen
Save Vietnam’s Wildlife
Nguyen Van Chinh, Dao Nguyen, Thierry Lefebvre, and Ulrika Åberg
IUCN