Reducing disaster risks and preventing floods through the implementation of Nature-based Solutions in Gledić (Kraljevo), Serbia

IUCN, ADAPT "Nature-based Solutions for Resilient Societies in the Western Balkans” Project
Publicado: 27 Abril 2023
Última edición: 27 Abril 2023
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The City of Kraljevo is highly vulnerable to disasters, particularly floods, landslides, and earthquakes. The risk of floods is specifically high due to degraded forests and erosion, having a negative effect on the community livelihood, especially for women and vulnerable groups.

Mapping landscape restoration opportunities, based on a series of field visits and consultations with local stakeholders, preceded the process of designing the NbS interventions. As a result of these processes, the catchment area of the Gledić River, located in the Gledić Mountains was selected as a location for pilot project implementation.

The focus of NbS intervention will be Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) measures aimed to improve forest structure and reduce flood risk and soil erosion in Gledić. The intervention will also maximise the use of local resources and autochthonous species to achieve sustained forest restoration and disaster risk reduction. 


Europa del Este
Scale of implementation
Bosque templado caducifolio
Campos de cultivo
Connective infrastructure, networks and corridors
Ecosistema urbano
Ecosistemas de agua dulce
Ecosistemas forestales
Río, corriente
Actores locales
Adaptación al cambio climático
Comunicación y divulgación
Conocimientos tradicionales
Institucionalización de la biodiversidad
Manejo de bosques
Manejo de cuencas
Manejo de incendios e inundaciones
Medios de vida sostenibles
Poblaciones indígenas
Prevención de erosión
Reducción de desastres
Urban and Disaster Risk Management
Resilience and disaster risk management
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Fuegos silvestres
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Falta de conciencia del público y de los responsables de la toma de decisiones
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Sustainable development goals
ODS 11 - Ciudades y comunidades sostenibles
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Aichi targets
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento
Marco de Sendai
Meta 2: Reducir el número de personas afectadas a nivel global para 2030
Meta 3: Reducir las pérdidas económicas directas por desastre en relación al PIB para 2030


Kraljevo, Raška District, Serbia


Kraljevo municipality faces serious degradation of natural ecosystems: forests, rivers, pastures, etc. Frequent rainfall, degraded land and forests cause torrential flows and floods, and without appropriate vegetation cover to absorb precipitation, the water runs “freely” down the hills, causing torrents and surface runoffs that merge further into floods.

Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) measures increase forest stability and resilience, reduce erosion, and stabilise and increase the water retention capacity of the soil. The forest’s current degraded structure will be improved by transition from coppice to high forest, reducing the flood risk and soil erosion in Gledić. Consequently, the intervention will prevent infrastructure damage due to flooding downstream on the Gledić River, including damage to seven bridges, endangering populated areas along the watercourse.

The planned intervention will ensure restoration of natural habitats, particularly forests, pastures and farmlands, thus increasing biodiversity. Through the creation of a silvopastoral system, conditions for cattle breeding will be improved. This approach, together with increased forest resilience and an improved state of natural ecosystems, will enhance the livelihood of local inhabitants in Gledic, particularly women and vulnerable groups.

Contribuido por

Imagen de milica.radanovic_42022

Milica Radanovic IUCN Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Other contributors

Prof Dr Ratko Ristić
Faculty of Foresrty, University of Belgrade
Aleksandar Cvetković
Kraljevo City Council
Marica Mijajlović
Public Enterprise for maintenance of construction land