Forest Landscape Restoration through a Sustainable Wood Energy Value Chain

Publicado: 24 Abril 2023
Última edición: 24 Abril 2023
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The “Forest Landscape Restoration through a Sustainable Wood Energy Value Chain” project, is implemented in the Bono East and Savannah Region of Ghana. Through the sustainable production and efficient use of energy wood, forests in selected regions in Ghana are being restored and preserved thus contributing to the implementation of the national climate policy and to the improvement of the framework conditions for sustainable forest management and energy supply in Ghana.  


Wood energy in form of charcoal and fire wood is the main source for cooking in Ghana. More than 14 Mill. cbm of wood are used annually for the consumption as charcoal or fire wood. Wood energy is therefore one driver for forest degradation, especially in charcoal producing hotspots. This solution elaborates on supporting partner institutions and small farmers in establishing a sustainable wood energy value chain integrated in Forest Landscape Restoration measures.


África Occidental y Central
Scale of implementation
Bosques tropicales de hoja perenne
Ecosistemas de pastizales
Ecosistemas forestales
Pradera tropical, sabana, matorral
Selva baja caducifolia
Acceso y participación en los beneficios
Actores locales
Adaptación al cambio climático
Energías renovables
Gestión de fuego
Gestión de tierras
Gestión y planificación de áreas protegidas y conservadas
Gobernanza de las áreas protegidas y conservadas
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Manejo de bosques
Medios de vida sostenibles
Mitigación del cambio climático
Salud y bienestar humano
Other theme
Energy wood plantation development
Training and capacity building
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Fuegos silvestres
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Sustainable development goals
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 7 - Energía asequible y no contaminante
ODS 12 - Producción y consumo responsables
ODS 13 - Acción por el clima
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Aichi targets
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 7: Agricultura, acuicultura y silvicultura
Meta 11: Áreas protegidas y conservadas


Damongo, Savannah, Ghana
Kintampo, Bono East, Ghana
Atebubu, Bono East, Ghana


Biomass represents 39% of the energy consumption in Ghana. Firewood or charcoal is still the main fuel for 4.53 million households in 2021 (Ghana Statistical Service, 2022) and the demand for wood fuel continues to rise due to public growth. This growing demand has led to concerns over impacts on tree cover and the security of future supplies. The National Energy Policy (2010) asserts that “the exploitation of biomass for energy purposes results in deforestation” (Ministry of Energy, 2010) and the charcoal sector is specifically identified as a “major driver of deforestation” (Ministry of Energy, 2019).

The ownership and user rights for natural forest areas are often unclear and uncontrolled and illegal logging for charcoal production is threatening valuable and rare tree species. In addition emissions from smoke during production and consumption of charcoal can cause severe health effects.




  1. Government officials  
  2. Selected project communities
  3. Landowners
  4. Local leaders
  5. Charcoal producers

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

The four building blocks all constitute the implementation steps in the efficient and sustainable use of fuel wood to help reduce the pressures on forest.



  • 315 ha of degraded lands have been afforested with fast growing tree species and will be used sustainably for the supply of energy wood
  • 480 ha of degraded natural forest are under restoration measures like FMNR and enrichment planting and sustainable management plans have been developed
  • 264 ha of agroforestry systems with Cashew, Mango, Moringa, Dawadawa and other local species have been established with 150 smallholder farmers
  • Over 3000 persons (80% women) in the project communities were engaged in the raising, planting and maintenance of more than 1 million seedlings
  • 170 community persons were selected and trained and equipped as fire volunteers, for bush fire prevention, pre-suppression and suppression
  • Fire Danger Rating Index sign boards have been installed in all 12 project communities and are daily updated based on three installed weather stations
  • 5000 improved cookstoves have been distributed in project communities to reduce the consumption of charcoal
  • 5 metal kilns (Adam-Box) have been constructed and distributed to support the efficient carbonization of charcoal.
  • By supporting the Ministry of Energy, a new NDC policy action on promoting sustainable charcoal production was integrated in the updated NDCs of Ghana.
  • Charcoal value chain studies have been conducted in Senegal and Burkina Faso and recommendations for a sustainable wood energy value chain in the ECOWAS region been developed.



Karima is a 42-year-old woman with 5 children living in Soalepe, a small town in the Savannah region of Ghana. She burns and sells charcoal as a family business for her living and has been a charcoal producer since her childhood. As a result of the constant cutting of trees around her vicinity for the production of charcoal, she now has to walk long distances in search of wood for charcoal production. This has increased her time and costs for the transportation of the charcoal from the forest to her house.


The introduction of the Forest Landscape Restoration project in her community has positively impacted her charcoal business. She has had the opportunity to plant fast growing trees on the degraded lands around her vicinity in a form of a woodlot. In the next 2 to 3 years, she would not have to walk long distances in search of wood for her charcoal business as she can access directly the woodlots. The FLR project also introduced to her the efficient ADAM Box kiln for the carbonization of charcoal. In combination with the woodlot, she can now harvest and produce charcoal at one place and by using the box kiln she doesn’t need to cut grass and dig soil onto the packed wood before burning, which is the traditional way for charcoal production. With all the effort in the processes of burning charcoal the traditional way, it takes her more than one week to finish one complete carbonization with a very low efficiency. With the box kiln, she can produce within 3 days high-quality charcoal ready for the market, and more efficient as compared to the traditional way of carbonizing charcoal.


Karina is now an advocate for forest landscape restoration and influencing other charcoal producers, to engage in the restoration of degraded lands around their vicinity by planting more trees for the sustainability of their charcoal business.



Contribuido por

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Joshua Palance Tetteh Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Ghana

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