Alianza One Health Selva Maya (AOHSM)

GIZ/ Klaus Peter Schnellbach
Publicado: 08 Marzo 2023
Última edición: 08 Marzo 2023
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Summary

The Selva Maya is Centralamerica's largest rainforest and is home to over 20 ecosystems, thus a biodiversity hotspot. At the same time, the natural resources are highly endangered by anthropegenic threats such as deforestation, forest fires, fragmentation of habitats for agriculture and cattle, tourism. The tropical climate favours vector-borne diseases such as dengue, malaria and yellow fever. Due to unregulated trafic, commerce and consumption of wildlife and wildlife products humans and their pets get into ever closer contact with the fauna, all of which increases the risks of zoonotic spillovers. Hence, the GIZ Selva Maya programme coordinated a process of co-creation with all relevant stakeholders from the three countries from politics, academia, civil society, NGOs to forge an alliance to reduce the risks of zoonosis and improve the overall wellbeing of the flora and fauna of the Selva Maya. Through a series of meetings the stakeholders launched the Alianza One Health Selva Maya (AOHSM).

Clasificaciones

Region
América Central
Scale of implementation
Multinacional
Ecosystem
Agro-ecosistema
Agroforesteria
Bosques tropicales de hoja perenne
Ecosistemas de agua dulce
Ecosistemas forestales
Piscina, lago, estanque
Río, corriente
Selva baja caducifolia
Theme
Acceso y participación en los beneficios
Actores locales
Agricultura
Caza furtiva y delitos ambientales
Ciencia y investigación
Conectividad / conservación transfronteriza
Conocimientos tradicionales
Especies exóticas invasoras
Fragmentación del hábitat y degradación
Gobernanza de las áreas protegidas y conservadas
Incorporación de la perspectiva de género
Manejo de bosques
One Health
Poblaciones indígenas
Provisión y manejo del agua
Servicios ecosistémicos
Turismo
World Heritage
Species Conservation and One Health Interventions
Vigilancia de la salud de la vida silvestre (para capturar la vigilancia de la biodiversidad, la salud, las enfermedades y los patógenos)
Vacunas
Especies Enfermedades Sistemas de alerta temprana
Comunicación de riesgos, participación de la comunidad y cambio de comportamiento
Investigación de brotes y acceso al laboratorio
Mecanismo de coordinación de One Health
One Health
Sanidad animal
El vínculo entre biodiversidad y salud
Sistemas alimentarios
Buena gobernanza territorial
Efectos en la salud debido al cambio climático y la contaminación
Aspectos sanitarios ligados a factores socioeconómicos, tales como: La pobreza, la educación, las estructuras de seguridad social, la digitalización, los sistemas de financiación y el desarrollo de la capacidad humana
Enfermedades tropicales desatendidas, enfermedades infecciosas emergentes, enfermedades no transmisibles, zoonosis y resistencia a los antimicrobianos
Agua, saneamiento e higiene
Comercio de fauna y flora silvestre y conflictos entre el hombre y la fauna
Challenges
Incremento de temperatura
Degradación de tierras y bosques
Pérdida de la biodiversidad
Ciclones tropicales / tifones
Enfermedades por vectores o relacionadas con el agua
Erupción volcánica
Fuegos silvestres
Pérdida de ecosistemas
Especies invasoras
Contaminación (incluida la eutrofización y la basura)
Desarrollo de Infraestructura
Falta de acceso a financiación a largo plazo
Falta de oportunidades de ingresos alternativos
Extracción de recursos físicos
Health
Falta de seguridad alimentaria
Falta de infraestructura
Deficiente vigilancia y aplicación de la ley
Deficiente gobernanza y participación
Conflicto social y disturbios civiles
Desempleo / pobreza
Sustainable development goals
ODS 3 - Salud y bienestar
ODS 5 - Igualidad de género
ODS 15 - Vida de ecosistemas terrestres
Aichi targets
Meta 1: Aumento de la sensibilization sobre la biodiversidad
Meta 2: Valores de biodiversidad integrados
Meta 4: Producción y consumo sostenibles
Meta 5: Pérdida de hábitat reducida a la mitad o reducida
Meta 8: Reducción de la contaminación
Meta 9: Especies exóticas invasoras prevenidas y controladas
Meta 10: Ecosistemas vulnerables al cambio
Meta 11: Áreas protegidas y conservadas
Meta 14: Los servicios ecosistemicos
Meta 15: Restauración de ecosistemas y resiliencia
Meta 17: Estrategias y planes de acción para la biodiversidad
Meta 18: Conocimiento tradicional
Meta 19: Intercambio de información y conocimiento

Ubicación

Petén, Guatemala
Chetumal, Quintana Roo, Mexico
Belize

Challenges

The Selva Maya ecosystem services of water storage and supply in the region and its function as a carbon sink are threatened by unsustainable land-use, population growth and migration, illegal logging and trade in flora and fauna, oil extraction and ecosystem fragmentation. Furthermore, the degradation of ecosystems reduces their ability to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. Ecosystem fragmentation is causing more frequent contact between humans and their animals with wildlife in the Selva Maya. These encounters create risks of disease transmission and can potentially lead to pandemics. Numerous zoonotic agents, of viral and bacterial origin, have already been identified, which can cause, for example, respiratory diseases. At the moment, governance structures with good opportunities for cooperation already exist in the region, but there is a lack of willingness for joint action in the event of another pandemic. 

Beneficiaries

The beneficiaries are the flora, fauna and human inhabitants of the Selva Maya region. Members of the AOHSM are beneficiaries in the sense that their organisations, work and research receive higher visibility, networking and funding opportunities.

¿ Cómo interactúan los building blocks en la solución?

The grant recipients are technical and academic experts in One Health and related topics. The have been identified as the Selva Maya One Health "champions" and therefore as primary stakeholders in the MSP Alianza One Health Selva Maya. As they already believe in the success of the One Health approach, and have excellent networks both at policy level and community level, they are key in the process of co-creating the MSP and convincing new members. 

Impacts

With its multidisciplinary approach, the Alianza provides a place for regional and cross-sectoral dialogue that facilitates synergies, knowledge transfer, integration of experience, sharing of evidence, awareness-raising, support for pilot projects and dissemination of lessons learned. It has catalysed joint action by stakeholders from various fields, including biological, biomedical and health sciences, ecology, human and veterinary medicine, as well as development cooperation and social sciences, as well as various forms of knowledge. In addition, the Alianza supports the translation of science and knowledge into recommendations for policy decision-making and the improvement of epidemiological surveillance, while noting the importance of prevention. The AOHSM integrated traditional forms of knowledge and science-based approaches to arrive at inclusive and evidence-based recommendations, and seeks to advance joint/individual actions around them. Members work actively in thematic working groups: a) Research and Academia, b) Monitoring and Surveillance, c) Vector and zoonotic diseases, d) Water, Air and Soils, c) Traditional and Local Knowledge. Provided with small budgets, the working groups will execute in 2023 their first joint activities on the ground.

Story

GIZ/ Klaus Peter Schnellbach

At the annual operation planning meeting in Mexico in March 2022 the One Health approached was presented to selected stakeholders from various fields, including biological, biomedical and health sciences, ecology, human and veterinary medicine, as well as development cooperation and social sciences from the Selva Maya region. Throught four days, participants recevied capacity building in Multi-Stakeholder Platform (MSP) development and One Health project implementation with a strong focus on environmental health and conservation. Stakeholders were invited to propose names, objetictives, and working group topics of interest to form a regional MSP to improve the wellbeing of the Selva Maya. Votes were casted and the name Alianza One Health Selva Maya (AOHSM) was democratically voted for. In August, the AOHSM launched the pilot version of its virtual dialogue platform and website. Throughout the timeframe of 5 months the website received feedback on the user experience for improvements. In November 2022 the members of the AOHSM met for the first official face-to-face meeting that led to countless sinergies and strengthened a regional One Health identity. Interdisciplinary and multisectoral working groups were formed and started to work on action plans for 2023. 

Contribuido por

Imagen de alice.brandt_41503

Alice Brandt Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH