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Forest landscape restoration (FLR) is the process of regaining ecological functionality and enhancing human well-being across deforested or degraded landscapes. FLR is more than just planting trees – it is restoring a whole landscape to meet present and future needs and to offer multiple benefits and land uses over time. It is about:

  • Forest because it involves increasing the number and/or health of trees in an area;
  • Landscape because it involves entire watersheds, jurisdictions, or even countries in which many land uses interact; and
  • Restoration because it involves the inclusive rehabilitation of ecological, economic and social functionality of degraded ecosystems, increasing the resilience of landscapes and communities to strengthen both, the people and the planet.

Degradation of ecosystems characterised by nutrient-depleted soils and   loss of forests and tree cover is increasing worldwide. This has led to increased amounts of Green House Gases (GHG), unprecedented loss of biodiversity and worsening food security thereby affecting millions of people’s livelihoods globally. Forest landscapes and the services they provide are critical to the well-being of local populations. In addition to providing timber and non-timber products, forest landscapes are climate-regulating carbon sinks, serve as crucial wildlife habitats and provide a variety of ecosystem services including water resources. Restoring the ecosystem functions of these forest landscapes is crucial to conserving biodiversity, adapting to climate change, improving food security, and sustaining life-sustaining watersheds. Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) refers to the long-term process of restoration of ecological and productive functions of degraded ecosystems in tree-rich landscapes.


The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ GmbH) are supporting FLR world-wide with focus on the African continent in the framework of the African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative (AFR100) and others.


Regional initiatives like AFR100 or the Initiative 20x20 are contributing to the Bonn Challenge by bringing together a large number of dedicated practitioners implementing and scaling-up FLR in Africa and Latin America. In addition to local organizations, a large number of research institutes and international organizations and associations are committed to restoring forest landscapes. Every day, these organizations generate a multitude of solutions designed to address challenges across a wide range of contexts, landscapes, and regions. Besides implementing organizations, impact investors and private companies act as agents of change by supporting innovative projects that offer social and environmental improvements with financial returns. Regular collaboration in FLR programs and initiatives fosters the development of knowledge and communication networks, a thematic community devoted to FLR will structure and foster this knowledge exchange.


International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

IUCN is a membership Union composed of both government and civil society organisations. It harnesses the experience, resources and reach of its more than 1,400 Member organisations and the input of more than 18,000 experts. This diversity and vast expertise makes IUCN the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it.


Deutsche Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)

As a service provider in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development and international education work, GIZ is dedicated to shaping a future worth living around the world. Together with our commissioning parties and partners, it generates and implements ideas for political, social and economic change. GIZ works flexibly to deliver effective and efficient solutions that offer people better prospects and sustainably improve their living conditions. For GIZ, the 2030 Agenda is the overarching framework that guides its work, which it implements in close cooperation with its partners and commissioning parties.

PANORAMA Restoration

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